Cet article est très riche et très renseigné, mais devrait AMHA se concentrer davantage sur le Code du statut personnel lui-même, y compris les lois le modifiant - mais en faisant des articles séparés pour les lois qui n'y ont pas été intégrées (par ex. He gave women a unique place in Tunisian society, notably abolishing polygamy, creating a judicial procedure for divorce and requiring marriage to be performed only in the event of the mutual consent of both parties. Qui est en ligne ? Bourguiba himself yielded to the conservatives' wishes and in 1974 refused the pressure of his entourage and the majority of his government wanting to modify the law concerning equality in succession, which had instituted the equality of the sexes in relation to inheritance. The majority of the religious leaders had benefiting from their own daughters being advantaged by the changes in society. The Code of Personal Status (CPS) (Arabic: مجلة الأحوال الشخصية‎) is a series of progressive Tunisian laws aiming at the institution of equality between women and men in a number of areas. He described to as a radical reform which would make marriage a "state matter, an act that must be supervised by public law and society in its entirety." . (J.O.R.T n°104 du 28 Décembre 1956) Louanges à Dieu ! 0000327818 00000 n This page was last edited on 28 June 2020, at 07:27. 93-74 of July 12, 1993 modified the Code giving wives the right to transfer her patrimony and nationality to children to the same extent as husbands, even if she was married to a foreigner, on the sole condition that the father has given his approval. Soumettre une succession. This same court did not rule except in a case brought through the mutual consent of both spouses and in the case of the request of one of the partners as the result of harm of which that spouse was the victim. The 1980s are characterized in the same line through an immobility in terms of feminist reforms, with the exception of some advances not negotiable at the beginning of the decade: law no. How admit this ostracism against reason? But the right to education remained the only one unanimously sought by feminine organizations. During his first months in power, he put into place interruptions of television and radio broadcasts to broadcast the call to the five daily prayers and reopened Zitouma University, all while criticizing Bourguiba's secular "drift. daccess-ods.un.org. Despite several efforts, Bourguiba could not impose the equality of the two sexes in this area, due to the enormous strength of the resistance from the religious leaders. Au nom du peuple, Nous, Habib Bourguiba, président de la République ... - décret du 11 août 1937 portant statut des journalistes professionnels, - décret du 28 juillet 1938, rendant applicables à la Tunisie, ... au personnel correspondant du commerce et de l’industrie. These measures added to co-education in schools and as a consequence the entry of more and more young women into the workplace, involving the decline of marriage and of births of which the target was 46 per cent in 1966 and 30 per cent in 1971. 0000327980 00000 n In August 1994, during a seminar devoted to women and the family, ATFD denounced the ambiguity of power and the use of religion to regulate the condition of women in the country, criticizing chiefly "the patriarchal oppression of women. Until 1956, divorce remained the prerogative of the man who could unilaterally repudiate his partner by a simple declaration before two witnesses. Bourguiba is declared to be a mujtahid and not a Kemalist, because he reproached the Turkist leader as too removed from society. In 1991 a law made compulsory the education of all children. Code du statut personnel (Tunisie) Proposé par : Cimoi 2 avril 2008 à 17:41 (CEST) Dans le cadre du projet Tunisie et du Wikiconcours, j'ai amélioré cet article qui présente de façon précise et synthétique le sujet.Au terme de son passage en BA, quelques détails ont été arrangés, si vous avez des suggestions ou des questions, elles sont bien sûr les bienvenues. Other measures consecrated the participation of the mother in the conduct of business concerning children and the obligatory consent of the mother for the marriage of her minor child. The Code instituted for the first time in an Arab Muslim country the principle of the consent of the two spouses as a requirement for the validity of all marriages. Article 67 alinéas 4 et 5 du Code du statut personnel tunisien : « Au The failure of Haddad to bring into effect his wishes while alive is registered in Habib Bourguiba's later success: "He (Haddad) occupies an important place in the history of social and political ideas in Tunisia.". Transfert vers Statut des femmes en Tunisie. Même les actes les plus audacieux dans le cadre de la réforme, comme le CSP (Code du statut personnel), ont été accompagnés de justifications à partir d’une interprétation libérale de la loi religieuse. Finally, another prescription annulled the privilege of paternal grandparents to receive support payments for children. This opposition which considered the Code "violated Islamic norms" constituted and included several figures, of which Muhammad Abdu'l Aziz, wrongly considered one of the inspirers of the Code, who judged the Code "too remote from Sharia precepts.". 0000328161 00000 n In this context, on the eve of independence there did not really exist a political movement strictly based on the demand for the rights of women. 72 Invités, 0 Membres Statistiques courantes : Total des membres: 4 107 Total des messages: 18 966 Total des sujets: 5 729 Total des catégories: 22 Total des sections: 55 Concretely, Tunisian women are very involved in society, as they represent 58.1 per cent of students in higher education. Le Code du statut personnel tunisien ( CSP ) nécessite-t-il un amendement, 60 ans après sa promulgation, à la lumière de la Constitution de 2014? However, in perusing "the ways and means of permitting the promotion and strengthening the achievements of women without altering our Arab Muslim identity," Ben Ali on August 13, 1993, fixed the limits he considered impassable: The Tunisian minister in charge of women and the family on February 9, 1994, affirmed for her part in the French senate and taking some liberties with history: "When Bourguiba promulgated the Code, he did so in the name of Sharia and Islam.". Suivre. Les personnes successibles sont deux sortes : les héritiers réservataires et les héritiers agnats (aceb). Thus, on May 31, public charitable foundations (waqfs) were suppressed, as private ones would be on July 1, 1957. How abase ourselves to this functioning of an intelligent animal?". The suppression of free expression and of political opposition tarnishes the country's reputation abroad. In this context, the film maker Moufida Tlatli, famous for her film "The Silences of the Palace" (1994) was heavily criticized in the magazine "Realities" for having shown her scepticism on the supposed feminism of Islam during a television broadcast in October 1994. I respect this religion for which have done everything so that this Islamic country not be in colonial humiliation. 0000331486 00000 n In October, 1997, during Ben Ali's official visit to France, defenders of the Tunisian regime produced the status of women in dismissing criticism from organizations promoting human rights. It seems to affirm a distinctiveness which it has followed since the beylical period which, "on the eve of the institution of the French protectorate was going to engage in a process of reforms establishing its connection to society in a modern national perspective.". 0000005210 00000 n <<31A9F056E67ADF41A027267372754CE1>]>> Indeed, on this issue he could not refer to the Koran to justify himself, as the text is clear: "To sons, a part equal to that of two daughters." Son commentaire de la Moudawwana, autrement dit, du Code du statut personnel marocain, promulgué en 1957-1958, a été conçu dans le même esprit, et suivant le même plan que celui qu'il avait consacré, il y a quelques années, au Code du statut personnel tunisien. Les empêchements permanents sont ceux relatifs à la parenté (de sang, par alliance ou lié à l’allaitement) des futurs époux … As early as 1868, Hayreddin Pasha wrote "The Surest Way to an Understanding of the State of Nations" in Arabic. Les dispositions du présent chapitre seront applicables, nonobstant les exceptions prévues aux autres chapitres du présent code. Amendment no. This Code is one of the best known deeds of Habib Bourguiba, who was Prime Minister and later President. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Code_of_Personal_Status_in_Tunisia&oldid=964899798, Articles needing additional references from May 2008, All articles needing additional references, Featured articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with empty sections from June 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. From this point of view, the Code was not promulgated under any feminist pressure, that, when it existed, was usually directed to other ideals. In 1930, Tahar Haddad, himself influenced by the reformist current begun in the Nineteenth Century by Kheirredine Pasha, Ibn Ahmad ibn Abi Diyaf, Muhammad Snoussi, Salem Bouhageb, Mohamed Bayram V and other thinkers who all defended the concept of modernism, published "Our Women in Sharia and Society." The feminist question is a recurring theme in Tunisia, more than in all the other countries of the Maghrib, and the country is from that point of view "atypical" of the region. Nevertheless, Islamists continued their project to annul the Code and this so well that its previous acceptance constituted an acceptable condition for the legislation of political parties which had not been in accord with Ennahda. Le Code du statut personnel ouvert et moderne qui existe en Tunisie depuis plus de quarante ans, est lié à une prise de conscience du rapport entre I'homme et la femme qui désormais marque, en profondeur, la société tunisienne. 0000325661 00000 n Soumettre une succession. Muhammad Baraket and Domenic Tabutin estimate that two-thirds of the reduction in births during the period 1966-1975 is the demographic consequences of these measures. According to the decrees of March 29, 1956 and October 1, 1958, Zitouna University was closed as were the other madrasses, the official goal being "to progressively suppress all previous types of teaching, unadapted, hybrid or outdated." L'un des époux ne peut revenir durant l'audience de jugement sur l'accord donné en conciliation qu'avec l'assentiment de l'autre conjoint. In the end, women striving to oppose official speech were quickly called to order, notably by a press rigorously controlled by the authorities. This is the official consolidation. L'article 61 du Code de statut personnel tunisien modifié par la loi du 18 janvier 1981, prévoit, pour que la tutelle du père soit effective, la perte de la garde par la mère si elle modifie sa résidence et s'installe « à une distance qui empêche le tuteur d'accomplir son devoir envers son pupille ».