They also built a chapel, with the aim of obtaining the special status of coming under the domination of the Church in Rome, as opposed to the episcopal see of Reunion Island, a goal they actually never achieved, and made marriage alliances with the aristocratic family of de Villèle. As the large companies did not make sugar a priority of their economic logic, it became obvious that the capital from the land would be more profitably put to other uses. The National Plantation Inventory (NPI) has been collecting data and reporting on plantations established primarily for timber production in Australia since 1993. Définition de l'esclavage Etymologie: du latin médiéval sclavus, venant de slavus, slave. a person held in servitude as the chattel of another; one that is completely subservient to a dominating influence… See the full definition Located in the ‘Place de l’appel du 18 juin’, … Continue reading "Monument to Slavery" Traces of the former society faded away, an important restructuring of the society that affected everyone, including the former settlers who became “orphans of a dying paternalistic universe,” an expression coined by J. and R. Potier. In the tropical islands, racial duality appeared with the organisation of slavery, leaving scars both in the flesh and in the history of the society, long after the abolition of slavery, a source of rifts in the society. The dominance of sugar cane as a crop occurred during the 19th Century – relatively late – enabling a greater diversity of production, but also greater flexibility regarding control of the land, less stability for the important landowners who set themselves up as an aristocracy, as well as a separation, at least partial, between social status and origins, as, from very early on, some of the most important plantations also belonged to people of Indian origin. Désigne un terrain planté de cultures, en général une grande exploitation, pour plantation forestière, utiliser "forêt plantée". Other than that, similarly to Basse-Terre in Guadeloupe, the topography of Reunion island offered many possibilities for farmers to develop. Ces cultures sont, par exemple, le coton, la canne à sucre, le café, la banane, l'ananas, l'Aloe vera, le teck, le cacao, la coca, le chanvre, le pavot, l'hévéa, le sisal, l'indigotier (Indigofera tinctoria), le poivre, le tabac, les fleurs ou la vanille. Supplant definition, to take the place of (another), as through force, scheming, strategy, or the like. suitable for a plantation or for a tropical or semitropical country. plantation slaves definition in the English Cobuild dictionary for learners, plantation slaves meaning explained, see also 'plantain',plankton',planting',plant', English vocabulary S’y rendre. The city has grown rapidly along with the development of S Florida. Also, Reunion island can be seen as a sort of target, with the volcano as a red dot in its centre, surrounded by a first circle of scattered mountain habitations, and then a second circle, limited by the sea, where the towns are concentrated and the vast agricultural areas are set out in tiers between the mountains and the sea. Qu'est-ce qu'une plantation ? However, we can now appreciate the extent to which changing the rules in a society that used to function thanks to the massive introduction of sugar would lead to the emergence of a new society structure. Plantation agriculture Plantation agriculture is a form of commercial farming where crops are grown for profit. Meaning of Plantation. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. Définition (OIT) : tout travail ou service exigé d'un individu sous la menace d'une peine quelconque et pour lequel ledit individu ne s'est pas offert de plein gré. These companies departed more and more from the ancient plantation structure, becoming modern industrial structures the management of which often led to the demise of agricultural activity and necessitated selling the land to invest in tourism and commercial activities: the plantation society as such had ceased to exist. Thus, the term ‘plantation society’ does not refer to a society where there were plantations, neither does it mean a form of agriculture based on sugar cane: it was a society centred around the dominant group which was the core of the political life and system of values. However, after the creation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem following the Crusades, the production of sugar cane was introduced to the Indian Ocean region and to the Mediterranean islands. What does esclavage mean? Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. What she declared was virtually an order: “My dearest wish is that this property and the slaves related to it will never fall into a stranger’s hands”. Toward the close of the packing season there are jolly times on the plantation. A slave was considered by law as property, or chattel, and was deprived of most of the rights ordinarily held by free persons. Most people chose this as the best definition of esclavage: A type of chain or bead n... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Sugar cane originated in New Guinea and its production developed in the south of India, where, for a long time, small family production was preponderant (the word ‘sugar’ comes from the Tamil language). Mostly, however, these elements were interwoven and exchanged within the habitations and integrated into the many facets of the Creole culture (language, arts, family relations, food, etc.). Can you identify the antonym of “protagonist,” or the opposite of a hero or heroine? Les esclaves citadines travaillaient comme domestiques, vendeuses, blanchisseuses et couturières. How to use plantation in a sentence. par. plantation definition: 1. a large farm, especially in a hot part of the world, on which a particular type of crop is…. – The existence of agricultural and industrial units centred around sugar production At the basis of this system were the family ‘estates’ (‘l’habitation’ in French, a word that remains in some forms of the Creole language), a basic unit of exploitation that pre-existed sugar cane. A plantation is a large-scale estate, generally centered on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops. Plantation definition, a large farm or estate in a tropical or semitropical zone, for the cultivation of cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugarcane, etc., typically by enslaved, unpaid, or low-wage resident laborers. Definition of plantation noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. … A type of chain or bead necklace. On appelle planteur, l'exploitant d'une plantation.En France, les cultivateurs de betteraves, pommes de terre, riz, etc. Com. 4ème, Histoire. Throughout its progressive modifications, the estate left its mark on the landscape and on the society. She wished her heirs, generation after generation, to keep the property intact, as a singe unit, and “develop it together and undivided for as long as possible”. Photograph.Jean Legros (1920-2004) private fund. Where did the slaves on Bourbon island come from . The deep inequalities of the system (through slavery, indentured workers or the rural proletariat) were supported by an ideology that claimed to legitimize these through the origins of each individual. L'agriculture de plantation privilégie la monoculture de plantes tropicales pluriannuelles et fait appel à une main-d'œuvre à bas-salaire (à l'esclavage autrefois) mais ce n'est pas une règle. English Language Learners Definition of plantation. La plantation : unité de production et creuset culturel. 2 L’esclavage agricole 4. Slavery and enslavement are the state and condition of being a slave, who is someone forbidden to quit their service for another person and is treated like property. La difficulté à comparer le phénomène de l’esclavage entre les civilisations musulmane et occidentale, c’est que, dans l’histoire de cette dernière, le statut des esclaves a fluctué à travers les époques et ne constitue pas un phénomène unique. Identified with a location and the family owning it, the estate was the basis underlying the network of family and social relations between the ‘inhabitants’. ‘The plantation produces both conifers and deciduous trees for the Christmas tree and landscape markets.’ ‘You can see tree plantations all over the place with small agricultural strips of land and a few houses.’ ‘Between banana plantations however are large areas unsuited for their cultivation.’ Une plantation ou habitation : grande exploitation de production agricole tropicale. Définitions : Les traites négrières : le commerce des esclaves noirs d’Afrique.. La traite atlantique : le commerce des esclaves entre l’Afrique et l’Amérique.. Un affranchissement : la libération d’un esclave par son propriétaire. This is the society we should try to understand, both its structure and its mechanisms, from the history that has created it to the internal and external relations that have shaped it. ies 1. Ainsi, dès Louis XIII s'impose légalement le système de recrutement d'une main-d' uvre forcée en Afrique. This was the background from which emerged various forms of identity reconstruction. Sugar cane was brought to Spanish America very early on (Christopher Columbus’ father-in-law was a sugar-cane producer in the Canary Islands) and directly took inspiration from the Mediterranean model. Saint-Gilles-Les-Hauts See more. Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. 107. The crops that are grown include cotton, coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar cane, opium, sisal, oil seeds, oil palms, fruits, rubber trees and forest trees. L'esclave ne coûtait alors que son prix d'achat et le prix de la nourriture qu'il consommait. 34. - L’esclavage et l’économie de plantation. The concentration of sugar production in fewer, larger refineries, led to the consolidation of estates and to the creation of agricultural corporations where many land owners were merely growers, whereas refinery owners gained more and more power, even though the latter remained fragile, as witnessed by the number of refineries that became bankrupt. La décision judiciaire 3. 1 Guerre et razzias 3. One plantation contained three thousand acres of land, but was said to be very old and worn out. Introduction. Plantation definition, a large farm or estate in a tropical or semitropical zone, for the cultivation of cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugarcane, etc., typically by enslaved, unpaid, or low-wage resident laborers. 2. -- Created using Powtoon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. PLANTATIONS. In a system of marked vertical integration, each member lived with his or her superior, present on the estate itself. Information and translations of Plantation in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Mississippi was “probably the worst, because of its plantation aristocracy.”. 1 Mines et carrières 4. This automatically led to what George Beckford, an analyst specialised in plantation societies, defined as ‘persistent poverty’, an unavoidable form of poverty for the rest of the population for the reason that “everywhere (the plantations) occupy the best land, pushing away farmers to the limits of the mountains, the consequences almost always being a division of the plots and a very low standard of living for the … Plantation : définition, synonymes, citations, traduction dans le dictionnaire de la langue française. L’économie de plantation était une économie basée sur la culture de matières premières tropicales et nécessitait une main d’œuvre importante. Other forms of legacy can be seen as ‘scars on the soul’ for the descendants of the slaves or indentured workers, who were marked by a status that would seal their inevitable dependency. – An abundant, cheap and readily available labour force. [1950-1960]. Ouvert du mardi au dimanche, sauf lundi et 1er mai, Com. They set up a refinery, increased the number of slaves and put their energy into turning the property into an aristocratic estate. Then came the critical event, leading to the final downfall: in 1946, Reunion Island became a fully-fledged French ‘département’ (equivalent to a county). Over a long period, the racial and cultural consequences of a merciless hierarchy forced them to bend under the weight of a disdain they learnt to share, which led to a ‘racialization’ of the society that can be witnessed through many facets of the social life and the values linked to various elements of culture, particularly in the West Indies. Définition; Archives 2015-2018. 3. ensemble de végétaux plantés; champ ou terrain planté. En savoir plus. Do you know the meaning of esclavage? In England, this word, as it is used in St. 12, II. 1 Le commerce 5. Carrying out an analysis, even brief, of the evolution of Reunion island society through the history of some of its estates, is an extremely relevant process. Sugar was brought to the west by Arab merchants as a luxury product. It was also a period of transition from a system of direct farming to a different system of sugar production. (q.v.) 6 Anne Pérotin-Dumon, après avoir étudié la période révolutionnaire en Guadeloupe14, a changé le regard sur l’esclavage, auparavant essentiellement centré sur les plantations, en étudiant deux villes guadeloupéennes15. In some cases, both in Martinique and sometimes in Reunion island, in order to continue operating, an existing plantation might attempt to adapt to the new context and sometimes succeeded, at the cost of shutting down a number of refineries, the ruins of which now dot the landscape. The abolition of slavery was not synonymous with the abolition of plantations, and the agricultural land made available for the settlement of the newly-freed population corresponds to Beckford’s analysis.